In principle, sea transportation services must be able to provide a safe, fast and affordable cost.
Sea Transport mechanisms as apparent in the following image:
2. EMKL Company (Sea Expedition Ship load)
3. Warehousing Company (Ware Housing)
4. Doring Cargo Company (Pack Load)
5. Steve Doring (Company Pack Load)
6. Shipping Company (shipping company)
Someone who has the goods to be sent, from one place to place using the ship first - the first will contact a company in planarian in charge bookkeeper (Book Section). The sender (Shipper) in this case is not necessarily the owner of the goods, can Just trade entrepreneurs, exporters, Sometimes - sometimes things do not contact the owner of shipping company but an intermediary or a search but charge (Canvaster). Once there is agreement be discussed further on the requirements - the requirements of ship departures, the number of cargo and type of load (term) the transport was made a copy of the agreement referred to (Engagement Sheet).
Meanwhile, the carrier (Carrier) compression setting plan, and prepare a transport ship. The sender will solve all the documents - documents concerning this transportation, among others: trade documents, customs declaration, documents AVI (Aangifte Van Inlading) ff. (Usually this task is done by the Company EMKL).
The sender must (Shipper) provides data - full data cargoto be delivered in full, if necessary, including physical measurements and with such a statement from the sender of the cargo, which is very necessary and useful when transporting a weapon charge, and if any damage and compensation claims .
Data - this data is used by carriers (section rates) to determine the money mine. Money calculated based on a mining rate basis in accordance with the type of goods and multiplied by the distance voyages.
Admission charge (Receiving Cargoes):
Cargo transported from a warehouse shipper (owner of the goods) or warehouse keterminal carrier (shipping company). At the time the charge is received in warehouse or terminal, the sender will receive a receipt in warehouse or terminal. In this case sometimes - sometimes the carrier issued a manifest (Bill of Lading) is called the manifest for shipment (to be shipped Bill of Lading) which depends on the preliminary agreement.
Goods - goods that can be sent and will be loaded onboard, if in the form of the package or in a pack that is not appropriate in the circumstances, should not be sent as goods - items in good condition.
That's why in this case is very important that careful monitoring of factors that must be done each time when going to load the goods - goods wrapped in a pack, which may have been damaged or incomplete contents in the package, or leaking, torn, etc..
Goods - goods to be sent and will be loaded on board with the conditions as mentioned above must be rejected.
If after improved perfectly acceptable then may come back.
To the charge is quite expensive and the possibility of damage is high enough then before the loading is usually the carrier will use the services surveyors to investigate and examine the room where the cargo will be loaded. Then prepare a letter carrier loading order (Shipping Order) and enclosed with Rishi Officer to be signed by the ship, while it was based on data / information that has informed the charge prior arrangement Officer I set up the load placement is called "Upload Plans Introduction" (Tentative Stowage Plan).
Calculation Entry List (Tally Sheet):
Cargo loaded on board and during loading of cargo loaded or calculated amount coli cases - cases by a counter (Tally Clerk) by using a calculation field list (Tally Sheet).
Temporary workers (Stewadore) working onboard, Officer Keep records began to labor hours rose kekapal, began to work, rest periods and stopped working. This entry is useful as a witness in the labor field work list (Working Timesheet).
If the loading of the charge there was "damaged" and had already loaded on the ship, which is outside the responsibility of the ship, then the ship must be made "Content Delivery Damage Report" (Cargo Exception Report). Or can be placed in Resi Officer notes, such as: "7 (seven) sacks in damaged condition".
Note that will be written in the manifest, or in the form of a guarantee letter (Letter of Indemnity) depending on the policy line of the carrier, if the Shipper requested Clean B / L. Sometimes the charge is fixed in advance so that the shipping charge is received in good condition and seems to appear "(in apparently good condition), the situation seems to be well written, because the carrier (pilot) did not check up into, making it impossible to ensure if there are defects or damage hidden.
The responsibility of the ship (the ship is not by itself, including the carrier, could be as long because the warehouse is still the responsibility of the carrier).
In case this responsibility there are some differences from the country - other countries, although the principle is the same, the difference is only the start of the ship's responsibility.
When finished loading, the ship makes "Plan Pemuaytan End" or (Final Stowage Plan), being the carrier office is made manifest (Bill of Lading).
Receipt Officer (Mate Receipt):
If chief mate have signed for receiving the goods, then he is solely responsible for the goods - the goods.
In the event of disorders - disorders, both the quantity and quality of goods - the goods, then this should be recorded and matched with books Tally (Tally Sheets) and not with the warehouse list (a list of boat / barge, when the loading of lifeboat from the barge) and also not from the pencharter. All amounts must be written in capital letters (sentence / word) rather than with numbers.
Form used is a form of the ship, not a warehouse or pencharter form. Receipt of this form was made a few copies of other parties given to the warehouse or the boat / barge, and to agents as well as for the ship itself). Consider if the goods - goods that passed through the barge - the barge, receipts (receipts propagator) should not be made before it is believed that the goods - goods which have already been ditongkang at all. Disorders - disorders or differences - differences must be resolved, while the count back when is still possible.
If this is not done, then the amount must be clearly the problem- clearly expressed with words on the blank receipt, for example, "Accepted onboard 12 (twelve) boxes, three others in trouble". If doubt about the number, weight, quality and condition of goods - goods, then the propagator and the receipt BL (Bill of Lading) must be explained: The number, weight, quality and condition are unknown.
The delivery charge (Delivering Cargoes):
During the cruise skipper should always supervise state charges primarily due to the influence dikapalnya weather etc.. If during the voyage in a cargo damaged by weather conditions, the skipper made the news herus segerah event of damage (Cargo Damage Report). Meanwhile skipper told his voyage on the company's agent about - about the time arrives (ETA = Estimated Time of Arrival) ship on port of destination. Agent Cruise after getting the news above, will immediately send the news to the recipient charge (Consignee), in this case a "Notice of Arrival". Next consignee will solve all the obligations - obligations such as: tax / customs and other - other documents - documents required and exchange selajutnya BL (Bill of Lading) to the carrier with the D / O (Delivery Order). With D / O is the recipient entitled to receive the goods - goods from the ship. At the time demolition is carried out by the Parties Tally ship (carrier) and a "Demolition Report" or "Cargo Outturn Report" and submitted to selajutnya charge the recipient goods (Consignee), or the bearer of D / O.Apabila a lawsuit filing ( claim), then usually have been filed within 5 (five) days after the demolition done.
2. 3. Perusahaan Pergudangan (Ware Housing)
4. 5. Steve Doring (Pack Perusahaan Load)
6. Shipping Company (perusahaan pelayaran)
kerusakan dan kompensasi klaim.
Penerimaan tagihan (Menerima Cargoes):
Kargo diangkut dari sebuah gudang pengirim (pemilik barang) atau gudang keterminal operator (perusahaan pelayaran). ..
Jika setelah diperbaiki bisa diterima kemudian akan datang kembali.
Perhitungan Entry List (Tally Sheet):
Catatan ini berguna sebagai saksi dalam daftar kerja lapangan kerja (Bekerja absen).
Dalam hal tanggung jawab ini ada beberapa perbedaan dari negara - negara lain, meskipun prinsipnya sama, perbedaan hanyalah awal dari tanggung jawab kapal.
Penerimaan Officer (Mate Receipt):
Biaya pengiriman (Menyampaikan Cargoes):